Patients with heart failure or other cardiovascular diseases are generally less active than healthy people or people who belong to a risk group because of high cholesterol, diabetes or increased blood pressure. Esmée Bakker’s research shows that heart patients sit for an average of more than ten hours a day, while healthy people generally sit for nine hours. This excessive sitting causes health to deteriorate and the risk of death increases.
Strength training twice a week
To reduce the risks of cardiovascular disease, both cardiovascular patients and people without complaints are advised to do strength training at least twice a week. Subjects who actually did this were found to reduce the risk of a metabolic syndrome (combination of glucose intolerance, obesity, elevated cholesterol and high blood pressure) by almost twenty percent. In addition, it was examined how much strength training reduces this risk. And what turned out? If you do strength training for less than an hour a week in total, the risk of cardiovascular disease decreases by almost thirty percent. So adding strength training to your weekly routine really makes a difference!
The fitter, the lower the risk of heart disease
Esmée Bakker also investigated the influence of cardiac rehabilitation on the prognosis of patients. Patients suffering from heart failure are often less fit than healthy people. How fit a patient is, partly determines the risk of more heart disease. To lower this risk, patients can follow a cardiac rehabilitation program to get them more exercise. This study found that patients who do not improve their physical condition with rehabilitation have almost twice the risk of unexpected hospitalization or death. Almost half of the heart failure patients show no improvement in condition. Certainly for patients with heart failure, it is therefore crucial to make an individual guideline so that they become more active and the further risks decrease.
Different effects of increased movement
Esmée Bakker: ‘In fact, everyone, regardless of age, benefits from more exercise. In both healthy subjects and patients, we see that they benefit the most from the effects when they move from no exercise to a little exercise. The risks therefore decrease fastest in both groups, especially at the beginning of the exercise program. The difference is in the long term. In cardiovascular patients the effects last longer if they keep moving, in healthy people this is not the case. Healthy individuals reach a plateau at some point. So it turns out, especially in patients, the more exercise the better. ‘
We move even less because of the corona virus
Although the research itself was not carried out in ‘corona time’, it is clear that the corona virus has major consequences for our health. Bakker: ‘Healthy people had already sat for nine hours before corona. Nowadays, this is quickly becoming more due to working from home. By getting up for a few minutes every half hour, you can already make a difference. Regardless of your age or risk, even a little bit of exercise helps. ‘
Exercise prevents new cardiovascular diseases, so get up more often
Source link Exercise prevents new cardiovascular diseases, so get up more often