Where one in twenty pregnant women had previously developed gestational diabetes, this was one in fourteen in 2019. The main possible explanations for the increase, according to the researchers, are better screening for gestational diabetes and an increasing number of pregnancies in older women. Gestational diabetes increases sharply with age. In 2019, 6.5% of pregnant women aged 30-34 years had gestational diabetes and nearly 20% of women aged 40-44.
Although the number of women with gestational diabetes has increased in the period 2015-2019, the percentage of women who need insulin to maintain blood sugar levels decreased. For example, more than 32% of women with gestational diabetes were prescribed insulin in 2015 and 21% in 2019. The decrease in insulin use is probably the result of better screening. As a result, women with a milder form of gestational diabetes also come into the picture. This lighter form can usually be treated well with nutritional and exercise advice.
Everyone free from diabetes
Etelka Ubbens, general director of the Diabetes Fund: “The growth tells us that there is work to be done to make our mission ‘everyone free from diabetes’. Gestational diabetes can result in a larger baby and lead to complications at birth. In addition, half of women with gestational diabetes will develop type 2 diabetes within five to ten years. Their children are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later in life. The results of these figures are reason for us to develop additional activities to prevent gestational diabetes. In addition, we support scientific research that contributes to the prevention and cure of gestational diabetes and we are committed to making a healthy lifestyle easier. ”
Investigate gestational diabetes
Women have an increased risk of gestational diabetes if, among other things, there is type 2 diabetes in the family, a non-Western migration background and (serious) obesity. A healthy lifestyle is at the heart of the prevention and treatment of gestational diabetes. Recent research by Dr. Romy Gaillard shows that overweight and obesity before the start of pregnancy in particular has negative consequences for mother and child. Also, elevated blood sugar levels early in pregnancy, even before the development of gestational diabetes, are associated with the development of the unborn child.
In the second part of her research, she develops a lifestyle intervention to support mothers before and at the start of pregnancy to live healthier lives to improve pregnancy outcomes and the health of children in the long term.
Number of women with gestational diabetes is rising
Source link Number of women with gestational diabetes is rising